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3. GEMINI (Mithuna)

3. GEMINI (Mithuna)

3. GEMINI (Mithuna)Gemini is the positive sign of Mercury, mutable air, the lower neck and shoulders of the Cosmic Man, twins or a couple (a man and a woman). As sign no. 3, it gives an energetic nature with a seeking of change and interchange, motion and invention.

Those in whom the influence of Gemini predominates are often nervous, restless and agitated. They possess quickness and adaptability of body and mind but can exhaust themselves through excessive activity. They have good intellects, along with excellent powers of speech and communication and a good command of language.

They may be writers, journalists or poets, secretaries or computer programmers. They are good with information and statistics and may be scientists. There is a speculative side of their minds, however, and they can pursue ideas for their own sake or get caught up in their own unrealistic fantasies or worries. They usually love knowledge.

Geminis are as mobile in human relationships as they are in mind and tend to marry more than once or have several partners. They may be strongly sexually oriented but must be careful, as their vital energy is not always as high as their imaginations.

They love stimulation and novelty and can get easily addicted to media or computer influences. They like anything that excites their nervous system or increases their velocity in life but thereby they can become hypersensitive or become neurotic.

Their agility of mind may cause them to become deceptive or unreliable and they can be tricky and hard to pin down. They may be indecisive and never bring anything to fruition. They are the most changeable of all types and always on the go, until their energy fails them. Once they come to seek inner knowledge rather than outer knowledge and sensation, they can become quite spiritual, as their energy is the most subtle and volatile of all the signs.

Period † Jun 14 — Jul 15
Symbol Twins
Element Air
Nature Dual
Gender Neutral
Ruler Mercury
Exalts None
Debilitates None

† Per Vedic Astrogy. Read more about the Zodiac Signs here.

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2. TAURUS (Vrisha)

2. TAURUS (Vrisha)

2. TAURUS (Vrisha)Taurus is the negative sign of Venus, fixed earth, the face and neck of the Cosmic Man, a bull. As sign no. 2, it gives a strong sense of relationship, partnership and communication of feeling. Taurus types seek balance and harmony in individual relationships and in the organization of their immediate environment.

Taurus people are very stable, enduring and fixed in their ways. They have a strong sense of form and beauty and may become artists and poets. They are often attractive, particularly when young, and like to adorn themselves. They can be very possessive and may become businessmen, bankers or accumulate property. They are apt to be materialistic and sensual and like comfort, beauty, luxury or adornment around them. They easily develop taste, refinement and grace.

They communicate with others well and associate readily with foreigners. They tend to become obstinate and do not like to move from a position once they have accepted it as their own. They are slow to anger but also slow to forgive and can even be cruel or insensitive to those outside of their circle of association. They possess good memories but may become sentimental or cling to the past. They like to live in their body and senses.

Taureans usually value stable and happy home and married lives. They can be very romantic and devotional and are often votaries of the idea that all is love. They are attached to the earth, often work with their hands and leave their mark of form on their practical environment. Their mode is to acquire, preserve and refine. Spiritually they are also more devotional and like tradition and ritual.

Period † May 14 — Jun 13
Symbol Bull
Element Earth
Nature Fixed
Gender Female
Ruler Venus
Exalts Moon (at 3°)
Debilitates None

† Per Vedic Astrogy. Read more about the Zodiac Signs here.

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1. ARIES (Mesha)

1. ARIES (Mesha)

1. ARIES (Mesha)Aries is the positive sign of Mars, cardinal fire, the beginning of the zodiac and the head of the Cosmic Man (time personified), and a ram. As sign no. 1, Aries gives independence, force, self-expression and a strong personal orientation in life. Aries types are dynamic, aggressive, competitive and possess much initiative. They often live in their heads and can have a penetrating power of perception.

They have scientific and logical abilities and may be good at research and invention, the development of new ideas. They are independent, adventurous and skillful in what they do. They possess strong emotions and passions but usually remain in control of them. They are often willful, impulsive or headstrong and can be critical or opinionated. Yet they can make good psychologists once they learn to examine themselves.

Less evolved Aries types may be angry, impulsive and manipulative, pushing their way in life and imposing their ideas and energies on others. Their impulses and instincts may drive them. Though martial, their martial energy is expressed more through the mind than the body. They are prone to argument but do not often resort to violence.

They may be vain, self-indulgent or just overly preoccupied with themselves. While very good at developing strategies, they may become victims of their own cunning.

They can think about things too much and can give themselves ulcers. Aries types can be self-centered and are not always sensitive to others. They benefit from relationship to balance them out. They are usually initiating a new phase of manifestation. Their key to spiritual growth is to use their sharp minds to discover truth, not to promote themselves.

Period † Apr 13 — May 13
Symbol Ram
Element Fire
Nature Movable
Gender Male
Ruler Mars
Exalts Sun (at 10°)
Debilitates Saturn (at 20°)

† Per Vedic Astrogy. Read more about the Zodiac Signs here.

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The 12 Zodiac Signs (Rashis)

The 12 Zodiac Signs (Rashis)

The physical zodiac is comprised of 12 main constellations also known as signs or rashis ( Aries – Taurus – Gemini – Cancer – Leo – Virgo – Libra – Scorpio – Sagittarius – Capricorn – Aquarius – Pisces). The zodiac is a band of stars surrounding the earth like a ring. There are 12 main constellations that form this ring around us. The stars that we see in the night sky are mostly very far away. Among the millions of stars in the night sky, the 7 planets and 2 invisible planets in Vedic Astrology also exist, although they are much closer and they move. Besides these few, very few moving planets, all the other stars are fixed out in space.

The zodiac is comprised of a band of these fixed stars, very far beyond the planets that form our immediate solar system. So you could say that the fixed stars of the night sky, which includes the band called the zodiac, altogether form the “back drop” of the sky or the back drop against which our solar system is moving. For example, in astrology, we always speak of which sign a planet is in. The planets are not actually mixing in the stars at the sign, it is just that because the planet is circling with us around the sun, looking from earth towards the planet in question, we always see some sign of the zodiac as the back drop of that planet.

In this way, the various heavenly bodies known as Grahas, or Planets, are always, in relation to our vision, situated in front of one of the signs of the zodiac which is behind them. Thus we say that the planet is in a certain sign. It does not mean that the planet is actually in those stars at this time, but simply that the constellation (sign) is the back drop far away behind the planet as we gaze upon it.

Vedic Astrology regards the planets as living entities, understood as demigods, whose energies influence our planet Earth, the 12 divisions of space surrounding it (the houses) and the other floating planets in our solar system, which are all actually a reflection of the dance of various demigods during the minute fraction of their day that passes while we have an entire lifetime. Their thoughts (energies) at a moment reflected in the planets, influence our lives.

A real astrologer looks at the planets in a chart and having already become familiar with the nature of them and what each represents, can immediately tell the effect upon the person whose chart it is. Vedic Astrology is actually a system of reading the effects of the planets (also known as demigods) based on their positioning within a chart.

These three elements — the planets, signs and houses — are the most important fundamental building blocks of Jyotish. An astrologer must become intimately familiar with the nature of these 33 items. Namely, 9 planets, 12 signs and 12 houses. Then there are 27 special stars, or Nakshatras. The 27 Nakshatras are the most important stars in the zodiac. They are spaced roughly evenly around the zodiac and they control 13 degrees and 20 minutes of the zodiac each.

Period * Element Quality Gender ** Ruler
Aries (Mesha) Apr 15 — May 14 Fire Movable Male Mars
Taurus (Vrisha) May 15 — Jun 14 Earth Fixed Fe  male Venus
Gemini (Mithuna) Jun 15 — Jul 14 Air Dual Male Mercury
Cancer (Karka) Jul 15 — Aug 14 Water Movable Female Moon
Leo (Simha) Aug 15 — Sep 14 Fire Fixed Male Sun
Virgo (Kanya) Sep 15 — Oct 14 Earth Dual Female Mercury
Libra (Tula) Oct 15 — Nov 14 Air Movable Male Venus
Scorpio (Vrishchika) Nov 15 — Dec 14 Water Fixed Female Mars
Sagittarius (Dhanu) Dec 15 — Jan 14 Fire Dual Male Jupiter
Capricorn (Makara) Jan 15 — Feb 14 Earth Movable Female Saturn
Aquarius (Kumbha) Feb 15 — Mar 14 Air Fixed Male Saturn
Pisces (Meena) Mar 15 — Apr 14 Water Dual Female Jupiter
  • Per Vedic Astrogy. Read more about the Zodiac Signs here.

** The signs of elements Fire and Air are males and the signs of elements Earth and Water are females.

Aspects of the Signs in Jamini Astrology

Aspect Fixed Signs
(except the one next to it)

Aspect Movable Signs
(except the one next to it)

Aspect Each Other

Aries (Ma) Taurus (Ve) Gemini (Me)
Cancer (Mo) Leo (Su) Virgo (Me)
Libra (Ve) Scorpio (Ma) Sagittarius (Ju)
Capricorn (Sa) Aquarius (Sa) Pisces (Ju)
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Ketu (Southern Lunar Node)

Ketu (Southern Lunar Node)
Ketu (Southern Lunar Node)
Ketu (Southern Lunar Node)

Ketu is not really a planet, but rather a mathematically calculated point in the heavens. Because of its lack of a “body” it represents uncertain, unexpected and unpredictable phenomena. It is intelligent and relates to mathematics and other abstract knowledge.

Wherever Ketu sits in a chart there we will find the sucking black hole effect. It feels forever like a hole into which we tend to want to put more and more of that thing to satisfy it. We cannot get enough where Ketu sits — we feel the lack of that house in our lives very much. Therefore many say that Ketu rules separations, cuts, loses and deprivations.

For the spiritually minded, Ketu is very good, and for the materialistic, very bad. It is good for the spiritually minded because it rules liberation from bondage. When Rahu‘s body was separated from his head, the body no longer was under the influence of Rahu‘s mind, and so was free. Ketu represents the ultimate freedom from ourselves, our spiritual liberation. Ketu is very final in this sense.

In Vedic thought, liberation, called “Mukti” or “Moksha” is considered the highest goal of life. After all our material role playing is through, we are to seek liberation from material bondage and misidentification, and seek out union with God (Yoga means union). So, liberation is the highest goal and Ketu is the “Moksha Karaka” or significator of Moksha in our charts.

When reading astrological books, one must remember that many of them were written, oddly enough, from the materialistic viewpoint. Indeed, today also, many people who are into astrology are into it for reasons of bettering their material positions, or finding out just how good their life (here on Earth) is going to be. Therefore, the books often say that Jupiter is the highest benefic. However, spiritually minded astrologers know that, in terms of real spiritual development, Saturn is above Jupiter and Ketu is above Saturn. Jupiter rules Wisdom, but Saturn rules Truth, yet Ketu rules Moksha, the highest achievement of all. So, Ketu is the most spiritual planet, with Saturn being next in line, and Jupiter takes third place.

Ketu signifies: Loss, liberation, perception, wisdom, lack of confidence, negation, self doubt, fantasies, confusion, indecision, illusions, drug addiction and alcoholism, psychic influences, fire, injury, death, spiritual insight.

Ketu (S. Node)
Ruling Sign N/A
Sign of Exaltation Scorpio
Sign of Debilitation Taurus
Moolatrikona Sign Sagittarius
Nature Malefic
Houses of Aspect 1 and arguably 5, 7, 9
Directional Strength (DigBala) 12th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 6th House
Day N/A
Friends Mars, Venus
Enemies Sun, Moon, Saturn, Rahu
Period in a Sign 1.8 years
Medical Astrology Psychic disorders, radiation diseases, cancer, surgery and malpractice
Main Signification Death, spirituality, detachments, outcastes
Gemstone Cat’s Eye
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Rahu (Northern Lunar Node)

Rahu (Northern Lunar Node)
Rahu (Northern Lunar Node)
Rahu (Northern Lunar Node)

Rahu is the point in the zodiac where the paths of the Sun and the Moon cross. If the Sun and Moon in their movement meet in this point, then an eclipse takes place. Eclipses “seize” the light of the Sun or the Moon, and it is this seizing quality that is characteristic for Rahu. Rahu is not an actual planet-ball, as the other planets are, but a point in space that is of great influence. The nodes Rahu and Ketu are always opposite each other in the Zodiac. They are calculated from the orbits of the Sun and Moon in relation to the Earth. They are gravitational line up points. They cause the Moon to actually wobble in it’s orbit.

It is a scientific fact, that when the Moon gets close to the nodes in it’s real orbit, that it wobbles due to the gravitational pull of the point. So, when in a chart we see that the person was born at a time when the Moon was close to one of the nodes (Rahu or Ketu) that the mind is disturbed, since the Moon rules the mind. This is a fact which you will see played out in the lives of those who have this. Since the nodes occupy two signs, roughly one sixth of the population has this. However, it is strongest when the Moon is really close to the Node it conjoins — or in other words, when the two are close by degrees within the sign — say within 5 degrees of each other. Then the effects become pronounced.

Rahu’s nature is that of anger, upsetness, anxiety, suddenness and other things which we would feel if we got our heads cut off right when we were getting something we wanted. Think of it: Just when you are about to get what you always wanted, right then something comes to totally ruin your plans. But, the secret is this: Anyone who is killed by the weapon of Vishnu is also highly benefited spiritually, so this plays out in our lives as well. So, the effects of Rahu can be said like this: Painful and troublesome, but ultimately for a higher cause.

Rahu signifies: Fame, extremes, foreigners and foreign lands, fulfillment of worldly desires, status, prestige, power, worldly success, outer success with inner turmoil, obsession, addictions, psychic, disturbances, collective trends, disturbances, poisons that destroy and heal, medicine, drugs and alcohol.

Rahu (N. Node)
Ruling Sign N/A
Sign of Exaltation Taurus
Sign of Debilitation Scorpio
Moolatrikona Sign Cancer
Nature Malefic
Houses of Aspect 1 and arguably 5, 7, 9
Directional Strength (DigBala) 6th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 12th House
Day N/A
Friends Mercury, Venus, Saturn
Enemies Sun, Moon, Mars, Jupiter
Period in a Sign 1.8 years
Medical Astrology Plagues, epidemics, possessions, manic depression, insanity, addictions,
hormonal imbalances, suicide, insomnia, hysteria, neurosis, nervous disorders, cancer
Main Signification Karma, eccentricities, disturbances, foreign things
Gemstone Hessonite Garnet (Gomehda)
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Saturn (Shani)

Saturn (Shani)
Saturn (Shani)
Saturn (Shani)

Saturn is known for his ring. Saturn rules restrictions — or things that surround us on all sides. All types of blocks, restrictions and obstacles are the ruling lot of Saturn. The wedding ring is related to Saturn, because it represents a restriction that prevents certain types of actions — namely, courting other spouses and therefore the ring is a symbol of a block or restriction.

Saturn is the outermost planet in the Vedic scheme of things, and so has “the last laugh”. Saturn is final, being the last one. Saturn rules all types of final things, or things which are insurmountable. Saturn is “the bottom line” in many ways. Therefore, Saturn rules Death as well as Unconquerable Time. All things decay in time, and Saturn rules this decay, or the effects of old age. Saturn is old, and low, the worker, the downtrodden, and the dirty.

Saturn rules the colors Navy blue and black, which are akin to seriousness, coldness, and finality. Things turn dark when they are dead, when the color of life has gone out. The sky is either blue or black because the distance we are looking at when we look at the sky is always insurmountable, being such a far distance. When we look across the land the trees in the distance are more “grayed out” than the closer trees, because that distance, being insurmountable, takes on the dulling effects of Saturn. If something is hazy or unclear, it is because it is “out of reach” and that is Saturn again. When Saturn affects a house or planet in a chart, then it “shuts it down” to some degree, by means of its strong oppressing power. Saturn has the ability to oppress anything. When it aspects the Moon, or Mind, then the person feels the effects of Saturn in their mind, which basically leads to depression.

Saturn is large and slow, and so it rules these things. Large slow things cause a lot of pressure, and so does Saturn. When Saturn affects something, it slows it down, puts it under pressure, and ultimately crushes it under its tremendous weight and restrictive power. On the good side, these things give it rule over focus. Focus is a funny thing — it means application of pressure for a certain goal. Saturn can make things it affects highly focused or controlled, which at times is a very good quality.

Because of all these things, Saturn is considered a “first class malefic”, or in other words, a planet capable of doing great harm. But that is spoken from the angle of vision of the materially oriented. Materially speaking, Saturn is usually malefic, except when his reduction and crushing capacity is used, in the chart, against the enemies of our material progress. For example, if Saturn is situated in such a way as to crush the twelfth house, or the house of losses, then our losses are crushed, which means we don’t lose as much.

But Saturn has another good side. Consider the diamond — it is created from black coal under great pressure for a long time. Saturn rules coal, pressure, and long periods of time. So, Saturn creates the diamond, which is very beautiful and extremely hard. When a person is under Saturn, they eventually become beautiful and hard, or shining and strong. The trials and struggles that Saturn puts us through teach us hard lessons.

Therefore Saturn rules the side of the religious peoples which is strong in principle, unbending, renounced from material motivations, and so forth. Saturn has a lot to do with the dark blue color worn by most Police officers, and the black worn by many Priests. Men often wear dark suits to do business, because it promotes a no-nonsense, dead-serious demeanor in their business dealings.

Saturn rules the low workers or Shoodras, as we say in Sanskrit. This is because he rules all things low and difficult. Things which are cold, dark, hard and created under pressure are ruled by Saturn, so he rules many types of metal like iron and steel, as well as the tools of hard work. Because he is an old man, he rules old things.

Saturn is the slowest moving graha, and represents the more time related aspects in life: endurance, sense of responsibility, hard work, longevity and reclusion. It is typically described as the bringer of grief and misery in life, but if it is auspiciously placed in a chart it will be one’s best insurance against poverty. Saturn is best placed in Tula (Libra) where is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Mesha (Aries) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. Saturn is lord of the signs Makara (Capricorn) and Kumbha (Aquarius) and also of the houses where these signs are located.

Saturn signifies: Discipline, order, structure, dependability, stability, separation, solitude, limitation, obstruction, poverty, death, disease, oppression, pessimism, worry, fear, bad luck, old age, delays, retarded things, concentration, paralysis, depression, stunted, deprivation, bondage, fixed assets, land, property, endurance and long-lasting, doubt, phobias, darkness, sorrow, longevity, detachment, decay.

Saturn (Shani)
Ruling Sign Capricorn, Aquarius
Sign of Exaltation Libra
Sign of Debilitation Aries
Moolatrikona Sign Aquarius
Nature Malefic
Houses of Aspect 1, 3, 7 and 10
Directional Strength (DigBala) 7th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 1st House
Day Saturday
Friends Mercury, Venus
Enemies Sun, Moon
Period in a Sign 2.5 years
Medical Astrology Geriatrics, death, bones and teeth, osteoporosis, arthritis, degenerative diseases, dehydration, premature aging, cancer
Main Significations Obstacles, seriousness, truthfulness, sorrows
Gemstone Blue Sapphire, Amethyst
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Venus (Shukra)

Venus (Shukra)
Venus (Shukra)
Venus (Shukra)

Venus is called Shukra in Sanskrit. Shukra literally means “semen”, but more generally means “refined things”. Venus rules over all types of refined things that are desirable such as art, music, flowers, love, beauty, etc. A well placed Venus in a chart that is well disposed towards Venus will grant to the person a life full of “the good things” such as those things mentioned above.

The Vedic way of understanding of life, and the process of elevation, is such that addiction to material gratifications are known to be often “an-arthas” or “unnecessary”. Too much stress is laid upon material gratifications in ungodly societies. So, Venus is loved and followed when the person or society is of the materialistic type. For Westerners, a good Venus is considered a good thing, because it helps in bringing in material wealth, sense gratifications, and all types of material fortunes. Famous, rich and beautiful people often have strong Venus, as these blessings are highly desirable to the materialistic masses, who love to worship such “achievements” in life. People in general are much more interested in the “Lives of the Rich and Famous” than they are in the “Lives of the Intelligent and Devoted”.

While Jupiter tends to give advice leading to surrender to higher principles, Venus gives advice which works for us in the here and now. Jupiter is more about dharma, or religion for higher principles, whereas Venus is more about a-dharma, or self serving ways. The entire Vedic principle is to surrender to the greater laws of God, whereas Venus teaches us to maximize things as they are now, for ourselves. But it is not that one is bad and one is good— it’s that priority has been established correctly. It is not wrong to have material quality in our lives, or pleasures and enjoyments, but they should not direct us and dictate our actions when higher principles of goodness are at stake.

Venus represents the enjoyment, taste, sexuality and relationships of the individual. It can give a person a great sense of aesthetics and very pleasant personality, or sensual and tasteless, depending on how well it is placed in the chart. Venus is best placed in Meena (Pisces) where is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Kanya (Virgo) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. Venus is lord of the sign Vrisha (Taurus) and also of Tula (Libra) and of the houses where these signs are located.

Venus signifies: The feminine spirit, beauty, grace, charm, refinement, luxuries, wealth, sensuality, vanity, charisma, glamour, good taste, sexual attraction, elegance, comforts, arts, music, theatre, love, wife in a male’s chart (female friend in a female’s chart), pleasure of the senses, sugar, affections, conveyances, flowers.

Venus (Shukra)
Ruling Sign Taurus, Libra
Sign of Exaltation Pisces
Sign of Debilitation Virgo
Moolatrikona Sign Libra
Nature Benefic
Houses of Aspect 1 and 7
Directional Strength (DigBala) 4th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 10th House
Day Friday
Friends Mercury, Saturn, Ketu
Enemies Sun, Mars, Moon, Rahu
Period in a Sign 25 days
Medical Astrology Reproductive system, bladder, kidneys, and pancreas-diabetes
Main Significations Desires, pleasures, artistry, beauty, additions, sex
Gemstone Diamond, White Sapphire, Clear quartz crystal
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Jupiter (Guru)

Jupiter (Guru)
Jupiter (Guru)
Jupiter (Guru)

Jupiter is the “Guru of the Gods”. Jupiter is called “Guru” in Sanskrit. Guru means “teacher” because he is “heavy with knowledge”. Jupiter is also called Brihaspati (bree-haws-putt-tee). Brihaspati is the name of the Guru of all the demigods in the higher planets. He is the advisor, or teacher, of the demigods.

A good Jupiter in a chart which leans towards Jupiter in a positive way will grant good relations with Priests, Law, Higher Education, the Legal system, the Financiers of the world, and so on. Jupiter encourages righteousness when he is strong.

Jupiter is a large planet, and so rules largeness in things. Jupiter tends to expand things. Wherever he sits and wherever he aspects in a chart will tend to grow based on Jupiter’s influence. For example, if Jupiter affects the Lagna, which rules the body, then the body will tend to be large, or fatty. When a good Jupiter affects house ruling money, then the money will tend to grow. Jupiter in the second house or third, which rules speaking, will tend to make the person speak often, and with a tone of divine advice, one of Jupiter’s other natural tendencies.

Gurus and advisers are always well wishers, so Jupiter is very giving or kind, and is known as a great giver or granter of fortune. Jupiter is considered the most benefic planet, because of his nature of always wanting to give and grant benedictions. Because children are an expansion of life in many ways, as well as a gift from God, Jupiter rules children. Because Jupiter represents God through his many advices he has a tendency to be related to the ninth house, which represents God in our lives.

Jupiter represents knowledge, wisdom and the offspring of the individual. It is a planet of expansion, growth and good fortune. Jupiter is best placed in Karka (Cancer) where is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Makara (Capricorn) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. Jupiter is lord of the signs Dhanus (Sagittarius) and Meena (Pisces) and also of the house where these sign are located. Jupiter aspects 3 houses, the 5th, 7th and 9th houses from its own position.

Jupiter signifies: Spiritual teacher, guide, truth, religion, philosophy, spirituality, grace, law, the great benefic, fortune, wealth, expansion, higher education like colleges, optimism, generosity, joy, luck, self-indulgence, excessiveness, faith, children, money, husband in a female’s chart, long distance travel.

Ruling Sign Sagittarius, Pisces
Sign of Exaltation Cancer
Sign of Debilitation Capricorn
Moolatrikona Sign Sagittarius
Nature Benefic
Houses of Aspect 1, 5, 7 and 9
Directional Strength (DigBala) 1st House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 7th House
Day Thursday
Friends Sun, Moon, Mars, Ketu
Enemies Mercury, Venus, Rahu
Period in a Sign ~13 months
Medical Astrology Liver, hips, overweight, edema, high cholesterol, growths such as tumors
Main Significations Fortune, Law, God, Wealth, Status, Expansiveness
Gemstone Yellow Sapphire, Yellow Topaz, Citrine
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Mercury (Budha)

Mercury (Budha)
Mercury (Budha)
Mercury (Budha)

Mercury is youthful and causes youthfulness or immaturity in the house of the chart it resides. Mercury is the negotiator, so it rules in us the ability to be diplomats, negotiators, deal-makers, or good liars. Mercury rules all types of communications, spoken and written. A good Mercury in a chart makes for careers where speaking, studying, thinking, writing and other scholarly thinking related matters are necessary. A bad Mercury can work towards making a person dumb or odd in mental workings.

Mercury, being youthful, is neither mature nor convinced about anything for certain. He is truly a gullible boy, so, he is easily influenced by other planets. Any planet with Mercury will influence him. So Mercury is called “mutable” or “changeable”. This reflects in the chart very much. Mercury always stands for the thinking capacity in a person, which in Sanskrit would be called your “Buddhi” or “intelligence”. Mercury’s Sanskrit name is therefore “Budha”, which also means “the intelligence”.

Mercury represents the speech, intellect and friends of the individual. It is a very, adaptable and curious planet. If afflicted, it gives speech problems and a poor discriminative ability. If well placed it makes a person witty, easy going and skillful. Mercury is best placed in Kanya (Virgo) where it is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Meena (Pisces) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. Mercury is lord of the sign Kanya (Virgo) and Mithuna (Gemini) and also of the houses where these signs are placed. Its element is bronze, the color is green and direction north.

Mercury is talkative and tactful, but not harmful. It is a good trader, mathematician, editor and publisher. It has excellent argumentative and analytical power and mind. Mercury signifies: Intelligence, wisdom, speech, education, matters relating to communication such as speech and writing, humor, trade, commerce, sales, education, ideas, thoughts, school, analytical and rational mind, cognitive intelligence, sense of humor, youth, trickster, truth, telephones, television, computers, travel especially short distances, childhood, aunts and uncles, neighbors, adaptability, twins, astrology, nervous system. It represents memory, throat, arms, maternal uncles.

Mercury (Budha)
Ruling Sign Gemini, Virgo
Sign of Exaltation Virgo
Sign of Debilitation Pisces
Moolatrikona Sign Virgo
Nature Benefic
Houses of Aspect 1 and 7
Directional Strength (DigBala) 1st House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 7th House
Day Wednesday
Friends Sun, Venus, Rahu
Enemies Moon, Ketu
Period in a Sign 20 days
Medical Astrology Lungs, hands, arms, nervous system
Main Signification Intellect, Speech, Relating, Communications, Diplomacy
Gemstone Emerald, Green Tourmaline
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Mars (Mangal)

Mars (Mangal)
Mars (Mangal)
Mars (Mangal)

Mars is the Ksatriya of the Gods, meaning the warrior. Mars rules aggression, weapons, enforcement of law, emergencies, urgencies, weapons, energy, suddenness, rashness, anger, the color Red, and related items and matters.

There are points in all of us when we apply our energy and quickness, usually to prevent a disaster, or to save a situation. For example, we move quickly to catch a falling glass object. Mars likes to protect — we race to save a child from running into the street. If somebody is hurt, we hurry to the scene. Mars people are often involved in causing bleeding with their weapons or stopping bleeding with their medical equipment. The gun of the soldier kills some and saves others. It’s good to be on the right side of a person under the influence of Mars. A weak Mars makes one easily tired, jittery, easily angered, and reactive. Mars aspects 3 houses, the 4th, 7th and 8th houses from its own position.

Mars represents the energy, stamina and brothers of the individual. If well placed, it brings strength and focused energy, if poorly placed accidents and injuries. Mars is best placed in Makara (Capricorn) where it is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Karka (Cancer) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. Mars is lord of the sign Mesha (Aries) and Vrischika (Scorpio) and also of the houses where these signs are located.

Mars signifies: Energy, action, passions, male influence, courage, strength, motivations, anger, violence, determination, aggression, bluntness and boldness, injury, accidents, war, chemists, fire, surgery, initiative, motivation, courage, technical or mechanical ability, athletic sports, military figures, police, fires, physical strength, operations, muscles, blood, sexual vitality, weapons, machines, conflict, can inflict death, fire, selfish, criminal, goal oriented action, self-righteousness, land, property and real-estate, brothers, enemies, science, instruments, guns, knives. Its element is copper. Its color is red and direction south.

Mars (Mangal)
Ruling Sign Aries, Scorpio
Sign of Exaltation Capricorn
Sign of Debilitation Cancer
Moolatrikona Sign Aries
Nature Malefic
Houses of Aspect 1, 4, 7 and 8
Directional Strength (DigBala) 10th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 4th House
Day Tuesday
Friends Sun, Moon, Jupiter
Enemies Mercury, Rahu, Ketu
Period in a Sign 45 days
Medical Astrology Blood, head, injuries, accidents, bleeding, headaches, high fevers, inflammation, surgery, burns
Main Significations Energy, Drive, Agility, Aggression, Accidents
Gemstone Red Coral
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Moon (Chandra)

Moon (Chandra)
Moon (Chandra)
Moon (Chandra)

The Moon is close to us, and reflects the light of the Sun. The Moon is the most visible planet of all, to us here on Earth, because we can look at it so easily. It neither burns our eyes, nor hides in the deep darkness of space, like the others. Rather, the Moon is up close and personal, showing herself fully to us. The Moon is indeed very dear, close, and friendly. It’s light is very nice and pleasing. Her full bodily lustre each month is a rising sight to see. Unlike Western Astrology where the Sun is most important, in Jyotish the Moon is the first “Graha” to look at and plays a central role in many calculations and predictive techniques.

The Moon rules the mind, the emotions, feelings, nursing, nurturing, mothering and the overall life of the person. An afflicted Moon greatly shapes the personality in the direction of the affliction, whether it is harshness of character, sadness of mind, or an angry and aggressive nature. Similarly, benefic influences upon the Moon in a chart, or a well placed Moon we could also say, bestows the reflections of helpfulness, peace of mind, cleanliness all around, and so forth.

The Moon is best placed in the first few degrees of Vrisha (Taurus) where it is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Vrishchika (Scorpio) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. The Moon is lord of the sign Karka (Cancer) and also of the house where Cancer is located.

Moon signifies: It is a cold, calm and quiet planet and represents mind, reflective, feminine, night, emotions, sensitivity, nurturing, security, past, past-lives, patterns of behavior, receptivity, caring for others, heredity, Mother, motherland, the public or masses, popularity, inner contentment, money, general well-being, home, water, habits, subconscious mind, growth in early childhood, fertility, breast, menstrual cycle, eyes, lungs, liquids and nurses. Direction north-east, element is silver.

Moon (Chandra)
Ruling Sign Cancer
Sign of Exaltation Taurus
Sign of Debilitation Scorpio
Moolatrikona Sign Cancer
Nature Benefic
Houses of Aspect 1 and 7
Directional Strength (DigBala) 4th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 10th House
Day Monday
Friends Sun, Mercury
Enemies Rahu, Ketu
Period in a Sign 54-56 hours
Medical Astrology Breast, stomach, watery disturbances, edema, phlegm, left eye
Main Significations Emotions, Mind, Health, Purity, Mental Balance, Mother
Gemstone Pearls, Moonstone
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Sun (Surya)

Sun (Surya)
Sun (Surya)
Sun (Surya)

The Sun is the center of the Solar System of planets used in Vedic Astrology. Therefore the Sun rules all types of central things such as the central government, the centrally powerful person in an organization, and so forth. In ourselves, the Sun rules our center, which is our soul. The Sun is the source of light for all other planets and beings, so the Sun rules in astrology our center of energy. As the source of energy in the Universe, so from the Sun’s placement in our charts we judge our level of energy.

The Sun represents the soul, the ego and the body of the individual, and therefore its placement is of great importance. The Sun is best placed in Mesha (Aries) where it is called exalted. Opposite from there, in Tula (Libra) it is least auspicious and called debilitated. The sun is Lord of the sign Simha (Leo) and also of the house where Simha is located.

Sun signifies: (Atma) Self, masculine, future, soul, physical body and health, heart, life force, courage, ambitions, pride, dignity, ego, vitality, will power, stamina, sense of self, power, fame, life, health, sovereignty and clothes, glory, inspiration, creativity, self-expression, career, confidence, leadership, Father, teachers, authority, law and order, bosses, political leader, Kings or Presidents. It has anger but momentary. It’s element is gold. East is represented by sun.

SUN (Surya)
Ruling Sign Leo
Sign of Exaltation Aries
Sign of Debilitation Libra
Moolatrikona Sign Leo
Nature Malefic
Houses of Aspect 1 and 7
Directional Strength (DigBala) 10th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 4th House
Day Sunday
Friends Moon, Mars, Jupiter
Enemies Venus, Saturn, Rahu, Ketu
Period in a Sign 30 days
Medical Astrology Heart, blindness, baldness, right eye, headaches
Main Significations Soul, Self, Power, Esteem, Ambition
Gemstone Ruby, Red Garnet
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The Nakshatras

The Nakshatras

The Nakshatras or Lunar Mansions of Jyotish

There are 27 special stars or Nakshatras. The 27 Nakshatras are the most important stars in the zodiac. They are spaced roughly evenly around the zodiac and they control 13 degrees and 20 minutes of the zodiac each.

The 27 Constellations and their Lords
1 Ashwini 10 Magha 19 Moola KETU
2 Bharni 11 Poorva-Falguni 20 Poorva-Shada SHUKRA
3 Kritika 12 Uttara-Falguni 21 Uttara-Shada SURYA
4 Rohini 13 Hast 22 Shravana CHANDRA
5 Mrigshira 14 Chitra 23 Dhanishtha MANGAL
6 Aardra 15 Swati 24 Shatbhisha RAHU
7 Punarvasu 16 Vishakha 25 Poorva-Bhadrapada GURU
8 Pushya 17 Anuradha 26 Uttara-Bhadrapada SHANI
9 Aashlesha 18 Jyestha 27 Revati BUDHA


Table 1
# Name Lord From In To In
1 Ashvini Ke Ar 13°19 Ar
2 Bharani Ve 13°20 Ar 26°39 Ar
3 Kritika Su 26°40 Ar 9°59 Ta
4 Rohini Mo 10° Ta 23°19 Ta
5 Mrigashira Ma 23°20 Ta 6°39 Ge
6 Ardra Ra 6°40 Ge 19°59 Ge
7 Punarvasu Ju 20°00 Ge 3°19 Ca
8 Pushya Sa 3°20 Ca 16°39 Ca
9 Ashlesha Me 16°40 Ca 29°59 Ca
10 Magha Ke Le 13°19 Le
11 Purva Phalguni Ve 13°20 Le 26°39 Le
12 Uttara Phalguni Su 26°40 Le 9°59 Vi
13 Hasta Mo 10° Vi 23°19 Vi
14 Chitra Ma 23°20 Vi 6°39 Li
15 Swati Ra 6°40 Li 19°59 Li
16 Vishakha Ju 20°00 Li 3°19 Sc
17 Anuradha Sa 3°20 Sc 16°39 Sc
18 Jyeshtha Me 16°40 Sc 29°59 Sc
19 Mula Ke Sg 13°19 Sg
20 Purva Ashadha Ve 13°20 Sg 26°39 Sg
21 Uttara Ashadha Su 26°40 Sg 9°59 Cp
22 Shravan Mo 10° Cp 23°19 Cp
23 Dhanistha Ma 23°20 Cp 6°39 Aq
24 Satabishak Ra 6°40 Aq 19°59 Aq
25 Purva Bhadrapad Ju 20°00 Aq 3°19 Pi
26 Uttara Bhadrapad Sa 3°20 Pi 16°39 Pi
27 Revati Me 16°40 Pi 29°59 Pi


Table 2
# Name Lord Sex Body Part Type Symbol
1 Ashvini Ke M Top of foot Dharma Horse Head
2 Bharani Ve F Sole of foot Artha Vagina
3 Kritika Su F Head Kama Razor
4 Rohini Mo F Forehead Moksha Chariot
5 Mrigashira Ma ~ Eyebrows Moksha Deer Head
6 Ardra Ra F Eyes Kama Head
7 Punarvasu Ju M Nose Artha Bow
8 Pushya Sa M Face Dharma Flower
9 Ashlesha Me F Ears Dharma Serpent
10 Magha Ke F Lips/Chin Artha Palanquin
11 Purva Phalguni Ve F Right hand Kama Front Legs of Cot
12 Uttara Phalguni Su F Left hand Moksha Back legs of Cot
13 Hasta Mo M Fingers Moksha Palm
14 Chitra Ma F Neck Kama Pearl
15 Swati Ra F Chest Artha Sapphire
16 Vishakha Ju F Breasts Dharma Potters Wheel
17 Anuradha Sa M Stomach Dharma Umbrella
18 Jyeshtha Me F Right torso Artha Umbrella
19 Mula Ke ~ Left torso Kama Crouching Lion
20 Purva Ashadha Ve F Back Moksha Front of square
21 Uttara Ashadha Su F Waist Moksha Back of square
22 Shravan Mo M Genitals Artha Arrow
23 Dhanistha Ma F Anus Dharma Drum
24 Satabishak Ra ~ Right Thigh Dharma Flower
25 Purva Bhadrapad Ju M Left Thigh Artha Front Legs of Cot
26 Uttara Bhadrapad Sa M Lower legs Kama Back legs of Cot
27 Revati Me F Ankles Moksha Fish
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About Vedic Astrology

About Vedic Astrology

Jyotisha (or Jyotish from Sanskrit jyotiṣa, from jyótis- “light, heavenly body”) is the traditional Hindu system of astronomy and astrology, also known as Hindu astrology, Indian astrology, and more recently Vedic astrology. The term Hindu astrology has been in use as the English equivalent of Jyotiṣa since the early 19th century, whereas Vedic astrology is a relatively recent term, entering common usage in the 1980s with self-help publications on Āyurveda or Yoga. Vedanga Jyotisha is one of the earliest texts about astronomy within the Vedas. The qualifier “Vedic” is however something of a misnomer, as there is no mention of Jyotiṣa in the Vedas, and historical documentation shows that horoscopic astrology in the Indian subcontinent came from Hellenistic influences, post-dating the Vedic period. Jyotisha has three branches, Siddhānta, Samhitā and Horā. [Read more …]

Below is just a comparative summary between Western astrology — made popular and best known in the Western world, therefore referred to in this manner — and Hindu astrology, originally known, as mentioned above, as Jyotisha.

Some differences between Vedic and Western Astrology

  • Vedic astrology is technically called “sidereal system” whereas Western Astrology is “tropical.” This essentially means that in heaven there are stars that make up the various constellations of the zodiac, as the Aries, Taurus, etc. Vedic astrology is based on real star constellations (sidereal), while Western astrology is based on an imaginary zodiac that slowly moves backwards in space as a function of time (“tropic” in Latin means “turn”).
  • In Vedic astrology, the birth chart is prepared according to the position of the Ascendant (and Moon), not the Sun as in Western astrology.
  • Vedic astrology gives a better view of the results of karmic influences and also how and when such trends tend to manifest for the native being analyzed. The occurrence of significant life events are shown by means of a comprehensive system of planetary time cycles, called “Dashas”. Western astrology does not have such a corresponding method.
  • Vedic Astrology puts strong emphasis on harmonic charts and these could reach up to 16 additional charts, called “Vargas.”
  • The outer planets (Uranus, Neptune and Pluto) are not used in the traditional Vedic system of astrology, while they are a very important part of Western astrology. As these planets are farther from Earth, they are therefore not considered to have a strong and direct influence on the individual life of a native.
  • In addition to the nine planets, Vedic astrology also includes the lunar constellations (or mansions), called Nakshatras in Hindi, which are 27 in total, as prescribed by Parāśara, the ancient sage of India who founded Vedic astrology.