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Basic Data of The Planets in Jyotisha

Basic Data of The Planets in Jyotisha

Jyotish uses 9 Grahas (planets) in chart analysis:

Table 1

Sun Moon Mercury Venus Mars
Rules Le Ca Ge, Vi Tau, Lib Ar, Sc
Sign of Exaltation Ar Ta Vi Pi Cp
Sign of Debilitation Li Sc Pi Vi Ca
Moolatrikona Sign Le Ca Vi Li Ar
Nature Malefic Benefic Neutral Benefic Malefic
Gender Male Female Neutral Female Male
Karaka of Houses 1, 10 4 2, 10 4, 7 3, 6
Aspects Houses 1, 7 1, 7 1, 7 1, 7 1, 4, 7, 8
Directional Strength (DigBala) 10th House 4th House 1st House 4th House 10th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 4th House 10th House 7th House 10th House 4th House
Day Sun Mon Wed Fri Tue
Friends Mo, Ma, Ju Su, Me Su, Ve, Ra Me, Sa, Ke Su, Mo, Ju
Enemies Ve, Sa, Ra, Ke Ra, Ke Mo, Ke Su, Ma, Mo, Ra Me, Ra, Ke
Neutral Relationship Me Ma, Ve, Ju, Sa Sa, Ma, Ju Ju Ve, Sa
Period in a Sign 30 days 54-56 hours 20 days 25 days 45 days

Table 2

Jupiter Saturn Rahu Ketu
Rules Sg, Pi Cp, Aq N/A N/A
Sign of Exaltation Ca Li Ta & Ge Sc & Sg
Sign of Debilitation Cp Ar Sc Ta
Moolatrikona Sign Sg Aq Ca Sg
Nature Benefic Malefic Malefic Malefic
Gender Male Neutral N/A N/A
Karaka of Houses 2, 5, 9, 11 6, 8, 10, 12 N/A N/A
Aspects Houses 1, 5, 7, 9 1, 3, 7, 10 None None
Directional Strength (DigBala) 1st House 7th House 6th House 12th House
Directional Weakness (asleep) 7th House 1st House 12th House 6th House
Day Thu Sat N/A N/A
Friends Su, Mo, Ma Me, Ve, Ra Me, Ve, Sa Ma, Ve
Enemies Me, Ve Su, Mo, Ke Su, Mo Su, Mo, Sa, Ra
Neutral Relationship Sa Ju, Ma
Period in a Sign ~13 months 2.5 years 1.8 years 1.8 years
ILUMINA Quick Guide: NavGrahas General Data
ILUMINA Quick Guide: NavGrahas General Data
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Nature of the Houses

Nature of the Houses

In Vedic Astrology there are certain houses that hold more importance over others. You should look at these houses first, before looking at the others.

Kendra (Angle) is considered analogous to “beginning, central, and immediate.” Panaphara (Succedent) is equal to “accumulated or promised in future.” Apoklima (Cadent) is synonym of “declining, remote, and far away”.

Kendra Houses (1, 4, 7, 10)

The 4 inner houses outlined, that is, houses 1, 4, 7 and 10, are the Kendra Houses. Any planet in these houses becomes strong, and in good dignity. But what about the condition of, say, Saturn in house 1? He’s sad but he’s able to work through that condition.

Kendra Houses
Kendra Houses

Panapharas Houses (2, 5, 8, 11)

As the angular houses, the panapharas are the most powerful placements on the chart. They’re successive houses — which are less powerful than angular houses but more powerful than the cadent ones — also possessing quality belonging to the angular houses, either as a representative or subordinate of a powerful person.

Panapharas Houses
Panapharas Houses

Apoklimas Houses (3, 6, 9, 12)

The Greeks called the cadent houses apoklima, which literally means “fall” or “decline,” because the houses are seen as moving away from the strength of the angular houses, which are considered more influential because of their perpendicular and opposite relationships to the Ascendant.

In significance, these houses correspond to the dual signs (Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces). The 9th house is the best among them as it is also a dharma house, and planets positioned there are strong and tend to bring good results. The 12th house is considered the weakest among them and planets positioned there have difficulty to express their energy in the material level, but they can be good in the spiritual level.

Apoklima Houses
Apoklima Houses

Trikona Houses (1, 5, 9)

Trikona means “Triangle”. Houses 1, 5 and 9 make up a triangle and they are the second most important houses to look at in the well-being of a person. Certain planets in these houses will cause either wellness or harm, depending on the sign and degree that they occupy. Planets can be either sad, happy or neutral in houses.

Trikona Houses
Trikona Houses

Upachaya Houses (3, 6, 10, 11)

The outlined houses below — 3, 6, 10 and 11 — are the Upachaya Houses. Planets in these houses will grow better with time. Usually planets such as Saturn, Mars, Sun, Rahu and Ketu do very well in these houses as they give good results after midlife. These houses also indicate fame in a person’s life, or lack thereof.

Upachaya Houses
Upachaya Houses

Kaama Houses (3, 7, 11)

The outlined houses in Chart below are known as Kaama Houses and they are the houses of desires. Houses 3, 7 and 11 and things related to them are the things we desire in life, such as travel, fun, partnership, marriage, friends and money.

Kaama Houses
Kaama Houses

Wealth Giving Houses (2, 9, 11)

Houses 2, 9 and 11 are the houses that give most material wealth and money in our life. The 11th house gives the most amount of wealth depending on its condition and the condition of its lords.

Wealth Houses
Wealth Houses

Dusthana Houses (6, 8, 12)

Houses 6, 8 and 12, colorized in the chart below, are related to all suffering. But, these houses are usually related to health issues more than our mind or material issues. However, they do cause all sorts of issues in one’s life. None of the houses are as bad as we think. Having happy planets in the 8th house will give the native good results in terms of loans, life span, relations with in-laws and benefit from them, and will power to rise above any situation. When life turns into ashes and dust, the native will rise like a phoenix with the help of the 8th house. The 12th house is not necessarily bad. It’s the house of meditation, spirituality, gains from spirituality, gains from foregin lands and hidden talents. This is the house of rest to the soul. Although is the house of losses, it’s also the house of sudden gains because it holds one’s hidden talents and once they are tapped into, gains will follow.

Dusthana Houses
Dusthana Houses

Moksha Houses (4, 8, 12)

The Moksha Houses are the houses of final rest. There houses and the planets in them will tell you if this is your last incarnation or not.

Moksha Houses
Moksha Houses

Maraka Houses

Houses 2, 7 and 8, outlined below, are responsible for one’s death. The 2nd house signifies Family, 7th is Marriage and 8th is life after marriage. Look at the 8th house to see the life span of a person.

Maraka Houses
Maraka Houses
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The 12 Houses (Bhavas) and Their Meanings

The 12 Houses (Bhavas) and Their Meanings

Different aspects of life signified by each of the 12 Houses in the Horoscope.



Ruling Planet


1st Lagna Bhava Sun 1st house or so called Lagna is the most important of all the houses and determines the longevity, overall well-being, general tendencies, physical appearance, body, limbs, health, character and nature of the native. It specifically signifies the face and the head.
2nd Dhana Bhava Jupiter This house is also called ‘Dhana stana’ (wealth) house (stana means position) and deals with money matters, one’s deposits, income tax, customs, computers. It represents one’s family, early life, wealth, items relating to mouth and face, speech, food habits, vision in general and right eye in particular.
3rd Bratru Bhava Mars Called ‘Bratru’ (brother) house, this is the house of brothers and sisters (siblings), signifies success through own efforts, courage, bravery, adventures, initiative, motivation, fine arts (singing, dancing, directors), voice, matters relating to communication such as writing, shoulders, arms, neck, throat, right ear, hands, boldness and short journeys. One is made singer by this house only.
4th Shukha Bhava Moon, Venus It is also called ‘Matru’ (mother) Bhava. Shukha means comforts. 4th house represents mother, motherland, home life, fixed assets (such as land and property), conveyances (such as cars), general happiness, comforts, primary education, endings, passions, emotions, matters of the heart, mental peace, house and real estate. It represents chest, particularly lungs.
5th Putra Bhava Jupiter This house is called as ‘Putra’ (children) Bhava’ and represents children, intelligence, higher knowledge, sense of destiny (poorvapunya), morals, pleasure, generosity, love affairs, investments and speculations. It indicates stomach and gives professions of teacher, principal and gynaecologist, right knee or leg.
6th Satru Bhava Mars, Saturn This house is called ‘Satru’ (enemies) Bhava, that is house of enemies. It denotes challenges from competitors or enemies, disease, medical or healing profession, debts, subordinates such as workers, service oriented jobs, food, restaurants, police, military. It governs digestive system, quarrels court and jobs done by hand, like typing.
7th Kalatra Bhava Jupiter (Women),
Venus (Men)
Also called ‘Kalatra Bhava’, it represents spouse, business partner, marriage, partners, sexual passions, courts, residence in foreign lands, desire, business or employment in a private firm. It governs sexual organs and diseases thereof.
8th Ayur Bhava Saturn Ayur means lifespan. Also known as ‘Ayu sthana’ it represents life force, longevity, spiritual practices, intuition, psychic abilities, gains from wills, legacies, deeds, court cases and insurance policies, chronic and long-term sickness, monetary gains from partner, secrets, diseases related to reproductive system, anus, misfortunes, accidents, injuries, death, underground wealth, historical things and monuments, parental property and mining.
9th Bhagya Bhava Jupiter Called house of luck (fortune) and religion, it represents father or preceptor, virtuous nature, faith, morals, law, long journeys, higher knowledge, medicine, pilgrimage, higher studies like doctorate, long journeys, languages like Sanskrit, Roman and Hebrew. It also indicates grandparents, grandchildren and mental aptitude towards Yoga and sadhana. It represents hips.
10th Karma Bhava Sun, Mercury, Saturn This house is called ‘Karma sthana’ and represents the acts one does. It signifies profession, or whatever we do or career, respectability, fame, honors, activities that benefit society, authority, government work, father, politics, leadership and management. It governs knees and Back.
11th Laba Bhava Jupiter 11th house is house of gains/profits or ‘Labha’ and represents sources of income, elder brothers and sisters, friend’s circle and legs. Gains through profession, ambitions, desires, support from friends, eldest brother, paternal uncle.
12th Vyaya Bhava Saturn The house of loss and expenses is called ‘Vyaya sthana’ and covers bad habits, confinement (such as prison), hospital, monastic life, misfortunes, long journeys, secret enemies, connections with foreign countries, quests, and bed pleasure — comforts of the bed. It also indicates export and import, also feet. Keeping away from home base or travel. Self-realization and spiritual liberation.

The 12 Houses (Bhavas) and Their Meanings